The final rule will require banks to collect information on beneficial owners when an account is opened, using the model form included with the rule or taking other steps to collect the same information. A beneficial owner is an individual who owns more than 25% of the equity interests in a company or is the single individual who exercises control. The bank must use Customer Identification Program procedures to verify the identity of beneficial owners, although when documentation is used, the bank can rely on copies. The rule allows banks to rely on information provided by the customer, and it also includes a number of exceptions from coverage.
Although the actual rule will be effective July 11, compliance is not mandatory until May 11, 2018, reflecting ABA's request for a sufficient transition period to allow banks to fully adapt.
As we have frequently emphasized to policymakers, law enforcement and the banking industry share a common objective of fighting the use of the payments system for criminal and terrorist purposes. The inclusion of a two-year transition period, along with manageable expectations for customer and beneficial ownership identification, alleviates some of the potential burden.
As a companion to the rule, Treasury also sent a letter to House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-Wis.) encouraging the adoption of legislation that would require companies to disclose beneficial ownership information to the states at the time the company is created.
Read the final rule.
Read the Treasury letter.